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What is the difference between carbon steels and stainless steels?

Stainless steels differ from carbon steels mainly for their chemical composition, which has 10.5% Cr minimum. At the industry sector, the stainless steel grades frequently used present higher chromium contents (approximately 18%) and some of them also have Ni, MO and alloy elements. The presence of Cr is very important for the formation of passive films and creating resistance to corrosion. Nickel remarkably contributes to the improvement of the mechanical properties. In general, when stainless steel is compared to carbon steel, the materials are more resistant to corrosion and with improved mechanical properties.
 
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